Thursday, December 25, 2014

Derek Bailey Tribute

Photo Gerard Rouy

On Christmas Day 2005, Derek Bailey died, aged 75, from complications arising from motor neurone disease. This is a humble tribute paid by colleagues, followers, listeners, lovers, dilettantes, friends... for anyone -other people- who feels a debt of gratitude for his brave, incredible, reactive, lasting, magnetic and growing sound, performing and theoretical legacy. 

It's an open homage, if anyone want to join us.

Derek Bailey
For me, playing is about playing with other people.

Dom Minasi  
A master musician who broke all the rules and created a new language for guitar in free-jazz.  
Derek Bailey Died in 2005. He was the father of avant-garde guitar. This is my tribute to him

John Russell
Here are a few Derek Bailey stories. There are of course many!

When Derek was living in Sheffield he had a gig in Glasgow every week so, trying to save on the train fares he bought a scooter. He only rode it once as he fell off and couldn’t get up as the guitar was tied to him and the scooter. A ‘little old lady’ asked if he was alright and he spent quite a time trying to convince her he was fine (being unable to stand) and could she open the guitar case and see if the guitar was OK. After that he traveled by train but took the scooter with him anyway as it didn’t cost extra to bring it.

When Derek played in the Russ Conway trio Russ would get very drunk during the interval. After the interval he played a long solo introduction before the group joined him and he would invariably get lost. After a couple of minutes or so of the left hand not knowing where the right hand was he would nod frantically and the group would have to guess where to come in.

One time the singer Gracie Fields was on the bill when Derek was playing in the pit orchestra. Gracie had her own pianist so the band wasn’t given any charts. However it was suddenly realised that she would need some introductory music to come on to. Forty musicians attempted to play her big hit ‘Sally’ by ear and in unison.
Derek always used to say that if someone presented you with some difficult music to read then say, ‘Are you sure this was written for the guitar and not some other instrument?’ This fell down with The Batchelors because one of them picked up a guitar and played Derek’s score perfectly. It was something he played anyway and they had asked a pianist to write it down for them.

One of Derek’s early professional engagements was in a band led by a drummer whose main job was working in the steel works. He was a big man who sometimes couldn’t keep time. Derek started nodding in time to him during the first set but when the drummer’s mates had a word with him in the toilets during the interval he decided that wasn’t a good thing to do.

One of Derek’s delights in playing pantomime was the atonal playing necessary as wizards came up through trap doors or strange beasts appeared. He was very proud of the fact that he was the only person from the Little Theatre Club scene who had a job that year!

Antoine Berthiaume
I had the chance to meet Derek at his house in London when I was 24. I read his book "Improvisation", heard very little of his music and somehow found his phone number from Rene Lussier I think. At that point he was just some musician I had "heard of"... but I was a bit cocky I guess and called him to see if I could pay a visit to his house. I brought my guitar, which he looked at, but we ended up just chatting over tea.

Later in 2002 we played together at his house. After a 40 minute session there was a brief silence and he just said "...interesting". We talked for a while about music after I asked him advices and career counseling. He signed the first copy of his CDR "Chats" for me. I must have listen to it a hundred times.

I spent the next few years discovering the man and his music and became a true fan. We kept writing to each others for a while and we eventually released the session on two records. This was the turning point of my life as a musician. Some have perfect pitch... I had the chance to release my first album with Bailey. It was both a blessing and a curse.

I saw Derek again in New York and London at "Hat On Wall" while he was playing solo set with Konk Pack. I wish I had the chance to know him more, yet the little time I spent with him changed my life. I think about him everyday.

Merci Derek.

Han Bennink
Dearest Derek, Trying to get away from the yearly xmasstreefuss, I went to Addis Ababa to play with Jimmy Jimmel Mohammed and the legendary Getatchew Mikurya. I had a great time, but... Everything changed by the second Christmas Day when Mary phoned me and told me that you said goodbye to us. OK, I did not see you for a year or so, but!and!!NOW!!!WHAT? All memories came up: staying at the houseboat and you knocking politely on the door asking, 'May I have one of those little oranges, love?'
Making our first duo album, ICP004. By the way, Evan was the one who introduced you to us - you both coming in a Morris Minor with Gavin Bryars to Wuppertal - we all played in a large group (Machine Gun) with Brötzmann, and Paul Rutherford was there too. The work with ICP, especially Misha and also Wim T Schippers - man, we had such a great time! I r emember meeting your mum and Simon. On the duo tours in England you always booked in very cheap B&Bs and a couple of times including Leeds you didn't rent a drum kit for me because you told me, 'There are plenty of chairs and tables to play on!' The recording by Evan, Topography Of The Lungs. The many variations from Company. Unbelievable! You did soooo much for the music. The book about improvised music, the TV series, it seems endless. 'Bullocks!' you would answer. Later, when Karen came into your life it was another peak. Staying on Downs Road. I think that the last idea was 'Air Mail Special' - another great item. Thank you so much for everything. I will miss you very much. Lots of luv, Han.

Noël Akchoté
I remember well Derek when asked to define himself, or rather his activity, practice... and a resume that says a lot to me since, as : A Guitarist. Years later (I started with swing people and some weere part of the Gipsy scene in France, some strictly Django but the real gipsies often taking it further), I was meeting with my close friend Max who now programs the Samois Django Festival (the small village where Django retired at the end of his life, painting and enjoying a simple life –, and I played to some Django afficionados some Derek Solos. They were very interested, they listened really carefully and after about ten minutes of it, they came to this conclusion : “This is really a serious guitarist “because”, He plays incredibly equal on the 6th strings”. Derek was right. Happy New Year.

Scott Fields
In my office there is a shrine to Derek Bailey.

 Steve Beresford
When I think of the guitar, I hear Derek.

Jean-Christophe Renvoyer
Derek est unique ! Il a développé son propre langage sans se soucier des chapelles. Dans mon parcours personnel, les mélodistes ont tenu une place importante. Le chant, le phrasé d'un musicien est l'élément qui, encore aujourd'hui, me touche d'emblée. L'absence (apparente) de canevas, de références dans certains univers musicaux m'ont parfois empêché de découvrir plus tôt certains artistes qu'aujourd'hui j'apprécie énormément ! Derek Bailey fait parti de ces musiciens qui ont bousculé certaines habitudes et ont permis à des musiciens curieux d'aller voir ailleurs. Guitaristiquement, ce qui m'a le plus marqué et impressionné chez lui, est l'aspect percussif de ses improvisations et son travail sur les intervalles. Impressionnant de maîtrise!

Christian Munthe
Derek gave me the clue to sounds I sought but never had heard, tempraments to be desired but never enjoyed, stances to aim for but never to reach.

 Sharif Sehnaoui
Derek Bailey please, we insist! 

John Butcher
Around 1974, BBC TV aired a programme spotlighting British jazz. It ended with an awkward Spike Milligan introducing a few minutes of Bailey/Guy/Rutherford with something like, 'And now folks, you probably won't like this, but they're pushing forward musical boundaries.' I did like it. It was puzzling but extraordinary, and the fact that, 30 years on, the boundaries remain well and truly shoved, owes much to Derek Bailey's incisive thinking and profound musicality. Playing with him was terrific, but I also have a fondness for peripheral moments; a late lunch after a recording session, courtesy of the 'Incus expense account'; a 3am walk through the Lower East Side after a Tonic gig, with Derek at 70, full of energy. He was a man who repelled pretension, refused to be shoehorned into comfortable categories, and played amazing guitar.

Tim Sparks
Most great guitarists are artists who are defined by their instrument. Derek Bailey was an artistic singularity who used a guitar while changing the whole idea of guitar in the process.

Philippe Petit
Je me souviens de la première fois où j'entendis Derek en LIVE ! C'était au FESTIVAL de JAZZ D'ANTIBES; il joua en SOLO et pour un autre concert, en DUO avec Anthony BRAXTON. Quelle Expérience !!! Quelle Découverte !!!  

I remember the first time I heard Derek LIVE ! It was at JAZZ FESTIVAL D'ANTIBES; he played in SOLO and in another concert in DUO with Anthony BRAXTON . What an experience!!! What a discovery!!!

Thomas Maos
When I heard Derek Bailey the first time I had no idea what it was all about this free and brittle kind of guitar playing. Meanwhile, 20 years later - I have to admit that his music is still keeping my mind busy. And it´s not only the beautiful and free music that he played - reminding his radical and reduced approach is helping me to reach the core of my own musical ideas.

Serge Lazarevitch
I remember a beautiful solo concert at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Paris in the mid seventies. At one point Derek stopped playing, looked at the audience & said "very avant-garde isn't it?" I loved that british sense of humor...

Duck Baker
Derek was one of the greatest of all free improvisors, as we all know, and while his vocabulary and approach have influenced every guitarist (and many other instrumentalists) who followed, when I think of him what I mostly remember is his warmth, openness, and especially his droll, Yorkshire humour. It was a great pleasure and privilege to have known him.

Martin Davidson (Emanem Records)
Some Derek Bailey anecdotes from the 1970s: Driving across London to make a solo recording at my house and unloading his gear to discover that he'd brought one amplifier, two speakers, three pedals and numerous cables - everything, that is, except a guitar.
Handing out a (Michel Waisvisz) Crackle Box to audience members to accompany a solo concert. Confusing a provincial audience expecting a 'pleasant' guitar concert, by starting off with a football that was supposed to hit an amplified thunder-sheet, but which hit the audience instead. Showing his boredom with someone else's group by putting his guitar aside, attaching a contact mic to his throat and eating an apple.
Pulling an enormous (Gavin Bryars?) score across the whole stage, thereby hiding his playing partner (Han Bennink) from view.
Setting up his guitar and practice amp in the Wigmore Hall so that he could play an encore without leaving the dressing room.

Abdul Moîmeme
When thinking of Derek Bailey’s preternatural approach to music Cubism comes to mind, not because of the style in itself, but rather because of it having had the ability to shatter 500 years of the solipsistic dominance of ‘point perspective’. If one of the significant contributions of western culture was to propose a music form that was non-hierarchical, then Derek Bailey was at the epicenter of that revolution. He is one of those rare artists regarding which one can say there is a ‘before’ and an ‘after’. Charles Mingus recognized that in Charlie Parker when he recorded ‘Pre-Bird’.

Marco Oppedisano
Derek Bailey was an improviser in the truest sense. He lived and breathed it. And a very important influence on how I think about the guitar and music. I still get so much from listening to him. 

David Stackenäs
I only met Derek Bailey once - in Barcelona 2004. I played at the Minim festival at Can Felipa and just before my solo set I was walking past this gentleman. I didn't reflect on that it might be Derek, but when he was behind me I heard this voice that I heard so many times on my stereo. I immediately thought - that's Derek's voice! I remember thinking it was funny I recognized his voice and not his face.

Derek Baileys music has had big influence on my own playing and was a door-opener for me upon my early attempts on improvising freely. And that voice... It was just a perfect match with his playing and obviously something that stuck with me stronger than all the pictures and videos I'd seen of him.

THF Drenching
Discovering free improvisation, and particularly Derek, revolutionised my musical thinking. At the time I joined Limescale I was a guitarist, and proud that my instrumental technique was once compared unfavourably to that of a cat. Free improvisation dissolved these abstract musical moralisms. Here was music where instrumental proficiency no longer meant flaccid selfaggrandisement. And it wiped the floor with the composerly prejudice for abstract thought, proved you could knock out something like Stockhausen's Zugvogel sieben Tagen a week in a room above a pub.
Much is often made of Derek's formidable purism. I think of him as a musician who pushed his own purism to its breaking point. So much so that it actually becomes strikingly impure, wonderful and heterodox. There's no hairshirt on this shit. Full of chats, jokes, bird recordings, beauty, rubbish and invention spread out like an assault course for his guitar to negotiate. His only prerequisite was surprise, and the opportunity to play.

Miguel Copón (
La fuerza de un artista se mide por el cambio que es capaz de introducir en la tradición interpretativa de un conjunto de signos, en el modo en que es capaz de hacer que los demás oigan, hagan suyo, compartan lo que en principio es personal, íntimo, transformandolo en un intenso diálogo. Para conseguir un diálogo tan potente, hay que tener la fortaleza de poder hablar solo, de mantener el discurso sin que el público, el autentico referente, aparezca como destino. Los rasgos de un autentico creador son inolvidables, nos encontramos con él siempre que afrontemos un auténtico problema, siempre que la interpretación se enfrenta a un riesgo.

The strength of an artist is measured by the change that is capable of introducing the interpretive tradition of a set of signs, in the way that is able to make others listen, take ownership, share what at first is personal, intimate, transforming it into an intense dialogue. To achieve such a powerful dialogue, one must have the strength to speak alone, to keep the discourse without the public, the real referent, appears as the destination. The features of an authentic creator are unforgettable, we find him always we face a real problem, provided that the interpretation faces a risk.

 Jean-Sébastien Mariage
After years, I'm still listening Derek's music with the same pleasure : I'm a guitar player and still don't understand how his mind works, how he brings so beutiful and powerfull energy with so little but precise things.

Agustí Fernández
I consider one of the greatest privileges to have shared music with Derek Bailey. The last time we played together was at a concert, 12 May 2005 in Barcelona, at La Pedrera, Gaudí's emblematic building. I knew Derek was very sick and I was ready for a solo concert in case he didn't show up. The organisation was also alerted. But he came to the venue and played with exquisite devotion for the whole set. Fantastic music. After the concert Derek was exhausted but very happy. His last words before getting in to the taxi were: 'Big ears! Big ears!' Some months later, on 24 December, I bought Carpal Tunnel, Derek's last solo recording. I listened to it on the 26th, just before I knew he had died on the 25th. I don't know what to think of this sequence of facts.

Julia A. Miller
In classical guitar playing, the guitar has long functioned as a microcosm of the orchestra; Derek Bailey's vision to incorporate the concept of Klangfarbenmelodie into an improvised guitar language could be one of the most important concepts in improvisation and orchestration of our time. His importance and influence as an improviser is well documented; the longer tale of the undeniable recipe of timbre and harmonic-series based improvisation on the guitar, and its impact on composition, will continue to be seen. 

Charlie Rauh
Derek's solo work is singular in that it is completely original, intimate, articulate, and timeless

Vitor Rua
Um Canário na Ordem Zero.
Não é necessário estarmos horas consecutivas a ouvirmos um canário a cantar, para nos encantarmos com a beleza do seu canto: um chilrear isolado é suficiente.
Uns segundos a escutar o som das cigarras é o bastante para nos deleitarmos com tão requintada textura.
Alguns instantes ouvindo as ondas do mar pode ser extremamente relaxante.
Da mesma forma um cluster de guitarra pode seduzir-nos mesmo isolado de outros eventos sonoros.
Um arpejo de harpa, per se, pode impressionar os nossos sentidos e existe beleza numa nota grave “fluttertongue” produzida por um contrafagote.
Derek Bailey era um músico que se debruçava sobre estas isoladas “experiências sonoras” – onde cada evento é auto-suficiente e independente dos outros.
Criou uma música que não tinha início – apenas começava – e não tinha fim – somente parava. Sem "climax" ou qualquer intenção de atingir um fim. Uma música que não criava expectativas, sem frases ou articulação e sem movimento ou direcção definidos.
Uma música onde os eventos sonoros existem por eles mesmos em vez de participarem em qualquer progressão ou desejo de "cadência".
O objectivo era o de, a um “módulo sonoro” acrescentar um outro, depois outro e ainda outro e por aí contiguamente, sem qualquer relação aparente entre eles, excepto o puro encanto de construír um abstracto encadeamento musical.
Se os eventos sonoros numa determinada improvisação de Bailey se “colam” aos outros numa ordem em particular, então é porque essa ordem teria obviamente de influenciar ou mesmo constituír o sentido da própria obra: abstrações sonoras, movendo-se, criando tempo – tornando audível o tempo!
O “tempo” na música de Bailey é um “tempo virtual” e por contraste, a sequência de actuais e concretos acontecimentos, é um tempo absoluto.
Assim o “tempo”, torna-se no componente essencial para a compreensão da música de bailey e o veículo pelo qual a música faz um contacto profundo com o espírito humano.
Por conseguinte, os eventos sonoros que formam as improvisações de Bailey, tornam-se num fluxo e não o “tempo” e a sua música transforma-se numa encadeada série de eventos que contêm em si não só o “tempo” como o “modelam” lentamente.
A sua música deve ser entendida como uma sucessão de “momentos” sem direcção ou movimento definidos.
Mas será realmente que podemos falar de “movimento” em música?
Não será isso apenas uma metáfora?
A única coisa que realmente se “move” é a vibração dos próprios instrumentos e as moléculas de ar que chegam até aos nossos ouvidos.
Derek Bailey fez e faz "vibrar" o melhor que há em nós!
Viva Derek Bailey! 

Fred Frith
Back in the 80s I took part in a Channel 4 programme dedicated to unorthodox guitar playing. Keith Rowe, Hans Reichel and I were invited, along with a couple of others and, of course, Derek. His response was wonderful: he would be happy to participate if the programme was only about him! Derek and I had hit it off from the moment I was the only audience member at a concert of his in 1971. He invited me home for tea, and we ate pork pies and talked about cricket. Meeting Derek changed my life, actually. His encouragement and support gave me the feeling that I was doing something that mattered. He came to Henry Cow gigs and radiated enthusiasm while unfailingly and cheerfully complaining that we weren't improvising enough. As a player Derek had a fearless and resolute clarity, and because he was so curious, and so willing to challenge himself, you never saw him perform without hearing things differently. Which made improvisation the most exciting and logical thing to be doing.

 Anders Nilsson
In an interview Derek was asked what he likes to do before a concert, He said something to the effect of "the ideal thing is to sleep". This innocence and humanism speaks volumes to me. Who hasn't been concerned with musical musts and personae driven and detailed mechanical obsessions before performing? This echoes the old adage: continue learning and then "forget about it" (fuggedaboudit!)

Pedro Chambel
Derek reinvented an instrument, the guitar, and opened unexpected horizons to the musical landscapes we knew.

Ben Miller
While attending music school in ‘73, my initial teen hero Syd Barrett held a rather decaying sense of disillusionment. Syd’s solo LPs, great in their own right, did not possess any manic improvisation that was on Floyd’s Piper at the Gates of Dawn, and Improvisation was key to my interest in Music. A friend who new me well suggested I go get a record by a guy named Derek Bailey, so I picked up a 1969 release of The Music Company. [I had to return the vinyl three times the pressing was so bad. The record store “boy” mocked my desire for quality intonation saying the music was so unlistenable that a wobble in the grooves shouldn’t make a bit of difference] The kinetic energy and technique in both Derek’s playing and the ensemble was mindboggling. It took some disassembling of my own take on listening to music but there were certain things Derek did that I connected with right away – the radical discontinuity that he is said to have mastered, the odd feedback he sometimes got from sounds above and below the fingerboard, the extreme flurries of pitch – and that there was little reference to the so-called Free Jazz I was listening to. It seemed more 20th Century to me like there was some relevance to Electronic Tape Music. I discovered much later that Syd was inspired by Keith Rowe hence there was a reconnection in my mind there too. The otherworldly Space Rock direction of Interstellar Overdrive in contrast to the blatant abstraction of Free Improvisation was the primary difference I needed to assimilate. That took a bit of time. [BTW the Music School experience was 99% not happening..]
Much later while I lived in Chicago I saw Derek perform live for the first and only time with other heavies like Brötzmann and Roscoe. After the first night, I walked up to him and told him he had been a big inspiration for me in the early 70’s. Derek was charming so I gave him the Hot House poster and asked for his autograph. He politely said that he’d prefer to sign as Miles Davis grinning that Miles didn’t like that one bit. I couldn’t refuse. The second night, I went up to Derek again and again asked for his autograph. He complied this time, though without interest. I wish I had a chance to actually talk to him about music.
In my current solo work as a Multiphonic Guitarist, I still recall my early inspirations via Mr. Bailey; sounds from the entire instrument, not just the fretboard, and unconventional placement of guitar pickups and contact mics.
As for Carpal Tunnel, I suggest anyone who has it – especially Musicians (I do), to take 200-500 mg of Vitamin B6. I’ve been relatively pain free for over 30 years. For me B6 is a miracle cure. No need for surgery. 

Will Gaines
I first met DEREK BAILEY in the early 60s, working with his group, in Sheffield & Cheshire, with TONY OXLEY, BUNNY THOMPSON... MAN, they were the swingingest musicians I'd heard since coming to Britain. In America, I'd been working with people like ERIC DOLPHY, THELONIOUS MONK & CHICO HAMILTON. DEREK & the group were the best heard since arriving in Europe... And that's saying something!!!! Along with JOHN STEVENS, DEREK was an energy, a spearhead, a futurist, a pulse of life, which won't die. What can I say about DEREK? In one word, CREATIVE!! I used to say to him, YOU PLAY IT MOTHER, I'LL DANCE IT!! I next came across DEREK when he booked me for a week in London with Company... THAT was an experience!! He then asked me to go to Sweden, Switzerland, then four days in New York. No gig was the same, except the NY venues in the middle of nowhere. I recorded a CD with DEREK, Rapping With Will. Another of DEREK'S ideas. Man, he was a one-off! I kept saying to him, 'I'M JUST A TAP DANCER'. He must have seen or heard something he liked. We did have the same sense of humour. RIGHT ON BABY!!!!!!

Sergio Sorrentino
Derek Bailey is the greatest improviser guitarist of all time and the main influence for any contemporary guitarist. I love his tone, his musical phrases, his mood, his poetry...Listening to Derek's guitar is every time an unforgettable and visionary experience. God bless Derek and his guitar poetry!

Keiji Haino
My greatest happiness comes when I experience rock from a new source. Derek Bailey once gave me such happiness. It was in London, when we were recording a radio show in the BBC studios, him on guitar and me on vocals. I made one request to him before we started - rather than one long track, I wanted us to divide the time into shorter segments. It was between these segments that I felt the vibrations of happiness. I was standing in front of the mic, a little behind Mr Bailey so I could see his back. Just before he started playing I could see him shake his shoulders slightly, marking out a rhythm. Involuntarily, my heart shouted out, 'Rock exists here, even here!' This happened several times during the set.
Someone once told me that when Mr Bailey was asked what he thought about me in an interview, he replied, 'He's just as strange as I am'. I took great pride in that. I dedicate these next words as my own prayer for the repose of his soul:
That, which while enfolding this now and present perfume, speaks, 'I will use to the fullest this form bestowed upon me' and blurs into the firmament - ah, where and in what form will it next be devised.

Cristian Amigo
His playing of standards opened my ears and mind to new possibilities with older materials I thought were exhausted.

Luis Toto Alvarez
I always found a new way to enjoy and dig into Derek Bailey

Hace años me topé accidentalmente con una grabación de un guitarrista indecifrable, un misterio maravilloso, Para mi fue la revelación, como los poetas que dan nombran a las cosas, a las cosas indefinibles.
Ahí aparece Bailey, hablando otro idioma , llevando la guitarra y sus posibilidades a un nuevo mundo. Alza una nueva voz y establece nuevas fronteras más allá de nuestros antiguos límites.
Absolutamente hay un antes y un después de Derek Bailey , su legado es insondable, escuharlo es admirar un río caudaloso y feroz.
Profundamente, desde la distancia, yo lo elegí como Maestro  

Toby Hrycek-Robinson (Moat Studios)
In more than 30 years of recording music, I have never met anyone with Derek's charm, elegance and flair - as a performer and a person. Most people who heard him play were changed by the experience. My wife Kasia, having previously never heard a note of improvisation, beamed for days after hearing Derek play for the first time. She couldn't explain why. She simply felt uplifted. Work would invariably stop in our studios when Derek came to the Moat to record. Musicians of every genre would drop by from other rooms - initially to sneak a quick listen, mostly to end up staying all day. Derek had the great gift of making what can be an impenetrable form of music readily accessible to anyone with even half an ear open to something new.
But more than the enjoyment I got from recording Derek's music over many years is my pleasure in the man himself. Erudite, witty and plain-speaking, yet equally instinctive and profound, Derek was someone who never failed to delight me with his presence. I will miss him terribly.

Elliott Sharp
Hearing Derek Bailey on record for the first time in 1972 made me realize that "we are not alone" - the aliens had landed and they are us. And it was fine. In fact, it was fantastic, not only to hear Derek's particularly austere and spiky take on the outer limits of guitar and of the grammar of music itself, but to know that it could be captured and disseminated. To finally meet the man at Soundscape in 1980 and then to play together had me both overjoyed and quaking in my boots. Derek's seemingly steely presence soon gave way to his warmth, humor, and keen intelligence. A favorite moment: asked to accompany a journalist interviewing Derek for Guitar Player magazine, I was witness to a fabulous extemporaneous (and completely fictional) narrative about the history of improvised guitar in obscure seaside lounges in England in the early 1950's, all recounted completely-straightfaced and with nary a wink or smirk. While having coffee after, just the two of us, Derek let loose with a fine cackle of glee. In 1990, Derek joined Slan, the improvising trio of Ted Epstein, John Zorn, and I, for a gig at the old Knitting Factory. I had brought a Telecaster for Derek to use. He normally favored hollow archtops, but casting a hairy eyeball at my battered plank, Derek muttered that he'd had one of these once and then with a twinkle in his eye, proceeded to deliver a barrage of absolutely blistering sonics until the house Twin Reverb gave off a cloud of smoke and went silent. A choice memory of Derek was a relaxed afternoon meal in Lisbon with him and Karen in an outdoor restaurant with current politics and a bit of reminiscence being the topics of discussion.

Susie Ibarra
Derek was a true original, a romantic with a great sense of humour. From his dentist-gum guitar picks to his uncanny background of playing in a Latin salsa band, he always brought a presence of great pleasure, beautiful and outrageous music, and a soulful, childlike existence. I miss the white wine and fish dinners and long evenings of great conversation. I miss the great concerts of the unexpected and delightful surprises. I miss the dear friend who, with his wife, Karen, shared their passion and love of life with everyone. With a cigarette and dark shades, Derek has stamped an impression of one mean guitarist in my head... and heart.

Roberto Zorzi
Derek Bailey drove a Formula 1 car, playing that way. I'm still driving a diesel car, but his lesson was not to go faster, simply to go ahead.

Augustin Brousseloux
Derek est l'un des musiciens qui m'inspire le plus. Pour le jeune guitariste que je suis, la découverte de cette musique m'a totalement ouvert les yeux et surtout les oreilles. Une musique véritablement nouvelle, qui ne ressemble à aucune autre et dont le seul code à respecter est celui de la liberté. Derek était peut-être le musicien le plus talentueux de sa génération et il restera longtemps gravé dans la mémoire de celui qui a pris le temps de l'écouter. Son discours est unique et personne ne pourra jamais jouer comme lui.
Ma seule déception sera de ne pas l'avoir connu.

Paul Metzger
"Playing music is like life only better" I love that one from Derek

Ross Lambert
I heard my first improvised music one Sunday evening in 1986, when Derek and Han Bennink played upstairs at the Grapes pub in Sheffield. I was a young guy and it was a surprise. Sitting in the front row a few feet away, I immediately felt drawn and committed to the music, in way that none of my friends seemed to be. Derek sounded like jazz plus modern architecture in some way to me, an architecture student at the time. Hearing him expanded how I thought. About a lot of things. His age, and unfashionability, for example, interested me. I think I felt like I was nearing the city limits, finding the margins of society, and in some ways I suppose I was. I also liked his humour, he was a really, really funny man. And then of course, later, how he explored the possibilities of the instrument and the same standard tuning as everyone else, finding things that were rather different from those previously heard. In retrospect, perhaps I was appreciating in some intuitive way, his interesting mixture of roots and connections, of which I knew nothing at that time. He had a sort of ‘classicism’ about his playing, a simplicity, hadn’t he? Next day I went down to ‘Rare and Racy’ (Sheffield’s famous book and record shop) and spent what little money I had on ‘Moment Precieux’, Derek Bailey and Anthony Braxton at Victoriaville, on vinyl, which is still one of my favorite records. I have written elsewhere about it, “…they play together with great fluidity, poise and relaxation. The sound-world rolls through calm silences, unstable scrabbles, lyrical tunefulness and harsh complexity in inevitable, perfectly-balanced waves.”

Jak Kilby (photographer)
It must have been in the early 1970s. Usually I have the time and place logged in my picture files, but this was one of those instances when that did not happen, since, for a variety of reasons, I took no photographs. But John Stevens had roped me in to drive to a gig, in any case usually a pleasure. Lol Coxhill had organised this one and it was an oddball even as such things went at that time. Lol, together with John and Derek Bailey, were going to play free improvised music at an English boys' public school, somewhere in the Home Counties, and give a talk on this to those eager students.
During a verbal interlude, Lol and Derek ganged up on John, announcing to the attentive boys that their Uncle John Stevens would now entertain by tap dancing! Now, John had a childhood history of this art since his father was a tap dancer, but here he was wearing plimsolls (in those pre-trainer days). And John did dance, as hard as he could to get a sound to the free and fragmented accompaniment of Lol's soprano and Derek's guitar. And I just caught sight of that rare wry grin on Derek's face (which it later took me years to photograph!).

Henry Kaiser
Improvisation is my favorite ingredient of music.
My most beloved musics and the musics that I enjoy the most are those with the maximum amount of improvisation.
When I first heard Derek Bailey play guitar I immediately noticed that he was improvising more
 - moment to moment -
than any musician that I had ever heard before.
Derek is still my favorite musician to listen to.
If music is food for the soul, as Ali Akbar Khan has said, Derek is the most nourishing for me.
Soon after first hearing him I bought my first guitar and started to play.
Without Derek, that would never have happened.
I play guitar because of him, and I every time I play I am thanking him for that.
Not just for what he played, but for how much helped and encouraged other improvisors,
such as myself,
Derek left an immense legacy of freedom and expression.
Once again I say: Mahalo and Aloha Derek Bailey.

Xabier Iriondo
A unique musician who will take us forever, his sound so personal and visceral still accompanies thousands of people.

Joëlle Léandre
I met Derek in 82 in New York. I had received a French grant to be there, take time, play, meet people... Great time! I saw Derek's name in The Voice and I contacted him. We played all day and drank tea! It was fantastic; the only thing I remember in this place was a small matelas, a table and a huge pile of Incus discs on the floor... and we played and talked, drank and played. 'Le gentleman à la guitarre', I could call Derek; I learned a lot with him; later in New York, he invited me to Company, then we played in England, the BBC where we recorded, then we played quite a lot in duo in Europe and recorded again until the last time in duo, also in Liverpool, two or three years ago...Derek was a great 'elegance' person, with a lot of spirit, very funny sometimes and a 'strong' individualism, all his playing, his life and his musical life was an 'elegance': only this simplicity to be, to be a musician without any hierarchy in sounds, aesthetic, gentle, just 'making music together'... It's rare!!! We never talked about music after concerts!! But I learned this jubilation, this freedom to be 'you' and responsible. In any case Improvisation is a collective music (even if we sometimes like to play as soloist) but just play this unique result like a 'foods' is natural; this unique result can ask us a lot of questions, but also sometimes transcend us! Merci Derek, nous sommes un peu orphelins maintenant... so long.

Ninni Morgia
Derek Bailey: the most 'great example of freedom', we will miss you always!

Jeff Gburek

Derek Bailey remains something of a myth. Of what? He was, for me, one of those great legendary guitarists, a basilica on a gigantic pedestal outside of time, like a titanic Hendrix or faustian devil-may-care Robert Johnson or Manitas de Plata, even while he, the good Derek of Sheffield, was yet breathing among us, even when -- after I had met players like Jack Wright & Daniel Carter -- I started to learn that musicians were (some of them, anyway) approachable human beings. But I never approached Derek Bailey, despite his tremendous influence on my life...because it was indeed after listening to him that I tried to depress notes with my toes, to bend feedback without touching strings, to avoid "scales".  Why I never contacted him depends less on my own awe-struck Lampenfieber (which certainly existed) or some sensation of being out of my depth, than it does upon the simple fact I never had an opportunity to see him play live, to meet him, which is pretty bizarre, now to think on it, since Oxley and Parker, I have, numerously.

There is one other element involved in my inability or failure to reach out to him -- not to mention that I entered "the game" a bit late in life-- but there were certain tectonic shifts in the aesthetics (and therefore the politics) of the younger musicians I was associating with during the time when lower-case, onkyo (as quiet school) & so-called reductionism were fresh and ascendant blooms. While I am relatively certain most musicians in these schools or streams would never denounce Derek Bailey-- who was arguably one of the most cracked, brilliant & fertile musical imaginations of his generation and in my opinion an undisputable influence upon and even a necessary study for anyone who plays improv guitar (prepapared or unprepared)--  it also seems clear that of these many players he impressed a few of them wanted perhaps to get over this influence and establish new musical identities & explore another vocabulary. Rather famously demonstrating my point is Taku Sugimoto's distancing himself from Derek after what appeared to have been some happy years. That Derek's playing might have become symbolic of the fast-paced, bristly and busy, grand-central-station-on-fire-alert school of super-chops improv sqwonk is however for my own sense of things almost un-noticeably without severe import because he was after all a master of great compressed silences that he fit into, that gapped, the space, between. Notes. Which he seemed to know when and when not.

Shane Parish
Derek Bailey played the guitar fearlessly.  His example opened the door to communication between all musicians of any background at any skill level, and thus all people. Improvise!!

George Lewis
Everyone who plays with Derek tells a different story, because he seemed to play differently with each person. For me, I imagined that a speeded-up recording of Derek would sound like white noise, with equal power at all frequencies. I would improvise a responsive multimodal filter, wrestling an octopus that seemed to anticipate everything you were doing - although Derek was anything but a Calvinist. Free will (and free improvisation) is largely about listening, something that Derek did supremely well while tempting the border separating tenacity and style from obstinacy and stasis. His landmark book on improvisation proved that musical experimentalism could engage a wide audience across many fields with issues of vital importance to humanity. Derek jumpstarted a new field of inquiry and inspired a new generation of organic musician-intellectuals, using nothing less than his musical approach, executed via other means - in which everyone came away telling a different story.

Juampy Juarez
He was one of a kind, with his own language and tone, trying to traspass the guitar's sonic boundaries, and you know what? he did it

Tom Carter
Despite his obvious formal innovations Derek Bailey was foremost a champion of the personal, idiosyncratic and introspective voice. His iconoclasm and humor continue to illuminate an exit from the lurking traps awaiting all improvisers, idiomatic or not (for those who believe a "non-idiomatic" music is actually possible).

Javier Pedreira
Somehow, i feel like guitar history ends with him.

Alan Licht
I saw Derek perform numerous times in New York since 1990, including the notorious encounter with Pat Metheny at the Knitting Factory, but for me the most memorable concert was a duo with James 'Blood' Ulmer one afternoon at Tonic. The two had never played together before; Ulmer did a very nice, droney solo guitar set, and then Derek came on for the duo. Ulmer stayed in simple, tonal mode; Derek played a couple of pleasant sounding, empathetic jazz chords and then, for the next hour, played nothing but the most discordant clusters possible. It wasn't an attack - his manner, both during and after the concert, was utterly genial, as it tended to be, no matter where in the musical spectrum he'd been dropped into. It was a statement of purpose and of commitment to the alternative approach to the guitar and playing music with other people he'd pioneered since the 60s. That low-key determination was one of Derek's essential characteristics, and very, very inspiring.
I also recall Thurston Moore introducing Derek to The Stooges' Ron Asheton after a set at Tonic by Thurston, Derek and Loren Connors. 'Oh, I've heard a lot about you,' Derek said to Ron. 'Especially today...'

Paul Dresher
When I was exploring the range of what was possible on the guitar in the early 1970's, more than anyone else, Derek Bailey opened up revealed entirely  new horizons for me, both in terms of guitar technique and in the extreme musicality of his improvisations, which seemed to be completely unrooted in any idiomatic tradition, yet which, when you listened closely, flowed with the elegance and surprise that one associates with someone like Mozart or Bill Evans.

Oren Marshall
Derek was a big inspiration to me. He was a fantastic example of how open a musician can be. I played Company Week in 1992 and there was one night when everybody was playing at the same time. After a while I thought, 'What's the point? All this large group Improv stuff just ends up sounding the same.' I just stopped playing and went and sat in the audience. And then Derek came out and sat next to me. 'Are you all right?' he asked. 'Well, I just feel there's nothing I can really contribute.' And he said, 'You've just got to bathe in it.' And that completely changed my perception of improvising in that context and also gave me another way of looking at living in London. Rather than using up so much energy trying to decode or take on everything that's happening, just bathe in it. That was quite inspiring to see that level of openness in somebody as time-worn as Derek.

Michael Ross (
Sadly, I never got to see Derek Bailey live. The closest I got was to purchase the DVD of his concert at Downtown Music Gallery. Still, on the strength of that and his records, he has become a touchstone by which I judge much modern art—not just music. He showed me, no matter how abstract your approach, if you have complete command of your medium and the internal logic of your personal language, you can communicate to anyone with an open mind. The proof of the universality of his idiosyncratic style was the way it fit in a surprising number of contexts: solo acoustic, drum and bass, songwriting (David Sylvian), and a host of others. He was a true master.

Tony Oxley
I find it difficult to contemplate 43 years of friendship and musical experiences in such a short time. I will say Derek was and remains THE UNCOMPROMISED CONSCIENCE OF IMPROVISED MUSIC. It was my privilege and pleasure. Thank you, Derek.


John King
hearing derek's solo LP's from long ago….up to and through his "drum'n'bass" CD/vast group configurations…opening up worlds of music within the guitar, pointing in directions which suggested "come on along, and see what you can find"….his process/new techniques/blasts-followed-by-
silences….all about the music, always was the music, always will be the music….thanks derek.

Eddie Prévost
I have known Derek Bailey for most of my adult life. 40 years ago or so we first met during the Little Theatre period and later we worked together in the Musicians' Cooperative. And, although we rarely performed together over the intervening years, I am pleased that we made a duet recording in 2000. However, we had different affiliations and a differing slant on the nature of improvisation. These differences do not obscure for me the impact that Derek had upon the development and continuity of a form of music that we call free improvisation.
Derek's passing has already been described as an end of an era. But I think that this proposition diminishes the effect and the value of Derek's music. I do not subscribe to the idea that free improvisation began or ends with any individual. This only suggests that somehow the music Derek made was so individualistic that it failed to communicate anything beyond personal expression. Given that the impact and the practice of improvised music is far wider now than it was in the 1960s, when this particular initiative began to gain momentum, Derek's music clearly has more punch than that: for we are undoubtedly not at the end of an era. Free improvisation is certainly impoverished with the demise of Derek Bailey. It would have been a greater pity if his music had not had the undoubted effect that it had (and will continue to have) upon others.

René Lussier
Derek Bailey played guitar like no one. Like he had never heard an other guitar player before. I visited him once, and asked him “How come do you play like that?” He said that from the beginning, he was not inspired by references imposed by musical history. He was inspired by the instrument: the guitar itself. An immense player. A unique improviser. A gentleman.

Keith Rowe
Derek... a towering presence 'I get jetlagged walking to the end of the road', was Derek's response to my enquiring after his health. Although Derek and I rarely saw each other, hardly ever played together (just once, I think), there was a certain comfort in knowing that there was this guy somewhere out there who took care of an aspect of guitar playing that (for me) summed up all the guitar playing that came before him. In Derek I found what I find in every great artist... He had developed his own language, something in the world is now missing, something irreplaceable. Something unique.

Hasse Poulsen
To me Derek is one of the true great musicians of the twentieth Century.
This is not an empty phrase! in terms of musical radicality only John Cage can compare and compete. The way he managed to play music completely without musical tension is simply amazing. This is not ironic. He was making music on criterias that were completely opposite those that reign in all other music.And the way he managed to keep on doing this meeting all kinds of improvisers is unique. it is not difficult to imitate his sound, but to imitate his music seems completely impossible.

Paul Rutherford
Derek's musical and human input were totally incompatible with the prevailing twisted social dogma of Thatcherist/Blairism. Hardly surprising, in a warped society of subhuman puffballs. They merely survive, extravagantly. HE LIVES. Art, Music and Humanity are up for sale and privatisation. DEREK IS NOT. AND NEVER WAS.

David Tronzo
" Ah Derek Bailey! What a divine being!  I have a special love for solo guitar playing and his solo performances and recordings are favorites. I have never grown tired of 'Pieces for Guitar' and 'Domestic and Public Pieces for Guitar' (I am listening to 'Happy Birthday to You' as I write this) and 'Lace'-the music is timeless. I take great delight in turning all my students on to him since virtually none of them are aware of his music. The result is usually 'aesthetic arrest'!
Can't beat that! "

David Sylvian
Derek was a no-nonsense poet. Mischievous, provocative, elemental. He spoke a language recognised by many but with a syntax all his own. A discomforting amalgam of the elemental Hughes, Beckettian reductionism and Celan-like compounds and fractures, and it says something of his achievement that he appears to have been so many things to so many people (it's fascinating, judging from the numerous online testaments written since his death, that to facilitate discussion of his work and its impact, Derek is often compared, without pretension or aggrandisement, to artists working in mediums other than his own). A towering giant of the guitar. Singular, unique.

Sam Shalabi
There's a short list of guitarists that have mapped out a completely new terrain on the instrument and Bailey is a way him and Jimi Hendrix are the defining guitarists for these times... both of them pose the challenge of freedom and the discipline it takes to find your own voice within it.

Alex Ward
Without Derek's initial encouragement and help, I might not be doing what I do now at all, and I'm sure fewer people would know I was doing it. However, the start he gave me is only part of what I have to thank him for. Both when playing with and listening to him, I've received more inspiration over the years from Derek's playing than from that of any other musician I can think of - not to mention sheer enjoyment. Nor has anyone been kinder to me or more of a joy to talk (and eat and drink) with - his humour, blunt honesty (his response to someone who praised a duo gig we'd just done: 'Yeah, it works all right when we don't get into that flowery shit', followed by a list of occasions when we'd perpetrated this), and sheer conviviality will be as missed by me as his irreplaceable guitar sound.

Eugene Chadbourne
I dream about the village of Huy in Belgium where a TV series entitled The Missing is set. The locale is familiar to me from gigs in Lilles, Lieges, Pas-de-Calais and Riviers. A couple with a small child spend the night in the hotel and their child vanishes under mysterious circumstances. In the dream the hotel is like one aspect of the Tennessee Banjo Institute held in Cedars of Lebanon Park.
The institute had a sign-up jam going on in the Ranger's Cabin all day, on a 12-hour schedule. Every hour a different player or group was there playing and anybody could come in and jam.
In the hotel there was a sign up clipboard in the lobby pertaining to activities in room 53. Different players are on the schedule, if you sign up you get to show up at the appointed hour and jam.
Henry Kaiser approaches me in the lobby. "Derek is in room 53 at 3:30 p.m.," he tells me. Then he asks "How many times have you played with Derek?"
I can remember a half dozen times, distinctly I can remember five times and then I added one more for good grace. I feel like I can remember the specifics of each of these jams; after all, how many chances did I have to jam with a musical master? Sometimes it is only the limitations of the jam I remember the most, however, like the ones is in his house: "I only like to improvise for 20 minutes." He set an alarm above the stove. We had a hallah I had brought warming in the oven.
"We should definitely go jam," Henry is encouraging me. I know what he means, no chance to play with this guy should be passed up.
"We didn't get to the clipboard in time," I worry aloud. "Isn't there a sign up deadline?"
"They would have something like that connected to free improvising!" Henry cracks. "But Derek wouldn't care--he knows us! We can just show up."
I don't see what could go wrong but approaching the room I start to worry if I would have been better off coming alone, maybe Derek doesn't like Henry as much as me? I mentally configure the announcement I will make when he answers the door: "We decided just to show up and play," not "Henry and I decided to show up and play."
The door opens when I knock but all there is in the room is vapor, not even any furniture, no sign of Derek.


Mark Wastell
Simon Fell and I had just arrived in New York to take part in Company 2001. We knocked on his apartment door at the now famous Soho Suites Hotel and were greeted by Derek wearing his comfortable slippers and holding a tea towel. 'Cup of tea lads? Karen, where are the biscuits?' A few hours later we're on stage with Derek, John Zorn, Rhodri Davies, Joey Baron, Will Gaines, Annie Gosfield, Jennifer Choi and Min Xiao Fen. In front of a Derek-worshipping capacity crowd at Tonic, we played two sets a night for four nights. I have to keep reminding myself it wasn't a dream. A wonderful memory for me, another wonderful week at the office for Derek.

Amy Denio
Dear Derek, it was a great honor to collaborate with you, though we never met physically in this particular time/space contiuum. You'll always be in my heart.  I hear echoes of your free spirit when I see dust motes flying in a ray of sunshine.  Let the little sunbeam in!  Let the dust motes dance...

Alan Wilkinson
I first met Derek in the mid-80s in Leeds when I was running the Termite Club. He and Han Bennink did a fantastic gig for us at a pub called the Cardigan Arms (later released on Incus as Han). On another visit to our usual venue at the Adelphi, we all arrived to find the room double-booked. Without further ado, another pub within walking distance was phoned and the entire gig moved lock, stock and barrel up the road. Derek, landlord of new pub, audience, indeed everyone had a very memorable night at the new venue.
On these numerous visits to Yorkshire, the local musicians were encouraged to play by Derek, who made it very much part of his 'raison d'être' to check out new musicians wherever he went. It was as a result of this I received a gobsmacking invitation to play in a small Company line-up playing in Switzerland and Italy.
To an improvisor, that's like being asked to join John Coltrane's Quartet, The Rolling Stones, or something similarly momentous. The line-up included Derek, Barre Phillips, Ernst Reijseger, Steve Noble and myself. Ernst couldn't do the first gig in Geneva, and over dinner before the gig Derek suggested we start with him and Barre in duo and Steve and I in duo. I suggested we start with a quartet, since I'd only met Barre five minutes before, but was of course in awe of his reputation. Derek's immediate reply was, 'OK, we start with Barre and Alan in duo and Steve and I.' He always wanted to throw you into the deep end and enjoy watching you not drown, because he knew you wouldn't.

Michael Hafftka
Listening to Derek Bailey inspires me. “It doesn’t matter what sort of instrument you play, a Stradivarius or a tin drum, its the person behind it that counts.” His influence on my music and art is immense because his example always brought it back to myself. I think I always felt he was saying you are the instrument.

Suso Saiz
Derek Bailey Imagen de fiera,sueños de niño. Soledad solidaria.
Derek Bailey Beast image,child dreams, solidary solitude.

Davey Williams
Derek was more important than even he knew, or cared about to begin with. Anyway, I was watching him play solo at some gig in south London. Several college student-looking people, who clearly weren't liking the music, exited the auditorium. As they passed the front of the stage, they angrily threw their ticket stubs onto the stage at Derek's feet. Totally nonplussed, Derek remarked, "Yes, well I figured it was about time for a clear-out."
Derek was a fellow who did what he did (which was massively innovative), not because he thought he'd be famous or admired, but because he wanted to do it. As it turned out, he was both famous and admired, not that it made any difference to him. And that in itself is to be admired.

Garrison Fewell
Derek Bailey, I shall always be indebted to you for endless hours, days, years and lifetimes of inspiration! Too many moments to mention just one, but oh how my ears delight as you come to vivid life with every note or sound you play. "This is the Age of Oddities Let Loose" (Morgue 03) - so true, so true. You say that "Improvising alone, before an audience, is not without it terrors," yet your intrepid ability to always be in the moment sends all fear into oblivion. You are ever present, ever alive, your notes sparkling like iridescent gems in a moonless sky. I hope you would like your quote in my book of dialogues with great improvisers of creative music, for how could you and your courageous spontaneous inventions not be the essence of Outside Music, Inside Voices? Who will read the newspaper to us and reveal the ironies and dramas of our everyday existence? The deconstructions of words set in print, seemingly unchangeable, when imbued with your unpretentious improvisations, are given alternate purpose and meaning. You also say that "Improvisation exists because it meets the creative appetite that is a natural part of being a performing musician and because it invites complete involvement, to a degree otherwise unobtainable, in the act of music making." My appetite grows with every passing year, and I thank you dearly Mr. Bailey.

Otomo Yoshihide
His improvisation was his way of life. Living daily life like his improvisation. That I learnt from Derek et al best. And it is the most important philosophy for me Improvisation looks as though it always disappears somewhere. However, it incessantly is succeeded and is alive in our way of life.

James Keepnews
For anyone interested in free improvisation as played on the guitar, history divides into Before Derek and After Derek. Many took it far, but no one took it all the way out to the extent to which Mr. Bailey did -- his achievement was so thoroughly and uncompromisingly pursued and accomplished, it remains practically insurmountable. As Jean-Luc Godard said of Orson Welles: All of us will always owe him everything.

David Beardsley
Derek Bailey reinvented the guitar. His aggressive pointillist combination of open strings, stopped notes, harmonics and extended techniques like scraping the strings with a pick are still shocking to the uninitiated today. Along with other like minded musicians, he created an entire new musical tradition. At the time nothing sounded like them, guitarists certainly didn’t sound anything like Bailey. There was more of a concern with the textural details of the music than with any kind of harmonic movement. Sonic adventure was the name of the game, I’m still surprised when ever I hear a recording…the music still sounds fresh to me. Derek was one of the most original guitarists I’ve ever heard.

Ingar Zach
I met Derek Bailey for the first time in at his house in Hackney in January 2000. A couple of months before, I rang him up to ask if I could stop by for a play and a chat. I had heard CDs with Derek in 1998-99, and I was totally taken by his music. I was just starting up with improvisation and I just knew that I had to play with him. For me, the most important side of Derek was his honesty, both as a person and in music. He didn't care about success, being famous and all that. He was a musician who was in constant search for his music. That's why his music always sounded so fresh and strong. I got to know him in the last five years of his life. Although it was a short time, I felt that I got to know him, just by playing with him. I am very grateful to have had the chance to know Derek and his music. I will miss him.

Andrea Aguzzi (
Confesso di aver letto Bailey prima di aver ascoltato la sua chitarra. Il suo libro Improvisation è stato sempre per me un perfetto esempio di un pensiero profondo, attento e radicale. Poi ho ascoltato la sua chitarra e ho capito che sotto alle sue dita c'era un mondo ancora più esteso e profondo.

I confess that I have read Bailey before hearing his guitar. His book Improvisation has always been for me a perfect example of a deep, careful and radical thought. Then I heard his guitar and I realized that beneath his fingers there was an even more extensive and deep world.

Hal Rammel
Hearing Derek Bailey live or on recordings, it always seemed to me he never in his entire career ever played the same sound twice. The attack, the duration, the decay, and even silences were different between each tone. And it all happened with such naturalness and fluidity. Sounded perfectly."

Steve Parry
Derek Bailey - an original with a language all of his own. 

Gunnar Geisse

Thanks, Derek Bailey

Håvard Skaset
I got into Derek's music quite late, and I it was Henry Kaisers "Domo Arigato Derek-Sensei!" that made me realize I had to do my homework. 
And I´m still discovering new and interesting sides with his music and philosophy every time I put on an album or read an interview with him. 

Enzo Rocco
Derek Bailey: the inventor of the non-idiomatic idiom.


Killick Hinds 
Can someone be a retroactive formative influence? With one particular unrestrained volume pedal roar (in concert with Dennis Palmer and Bob Stagner on March 27, 1999, at First Existentialist Congregation, Atlanta, Georgia), I was physically changed. Literally. I still feel Derek's swell in my right ear, many years later, and before, and hence.

Shin'ichi Isohata
I met Derek Bailey only once a long time ago in Japan, but he existed in my music from more earlier and even now is in here. Somehow one of my expression is similar to his sound although i have never copy his note. Derek Bailey, and archtop guitar changed my music life. I am really appreciate to him.

Ian Brigton
I first heard of Derek Bailey in 1970 from the then guitarist of the National Jazz Youth Orchestra, John Maskell. He told me that there was this chap, Derek Bailey, who played improvised music, but also taught conventional jazz guitar and was reputed to be an excellent teacher . As I was a big fan of Jim Hall at the time and wanted to play that way,I decided that I needed to get some improver lessons.

When I telephoned Derek he told me that he had no more slots available but before we ended the call he asked me who was my favourite guitarist . I told him that it was Jim Hall. He replied that he was his also. He then asked me what kind of guitar I played and I replied a Gibson ES-175D and he told me that had the same model. After a few seconds thought told me that he would take me on as a student and I should meet him in the basement of the Selmer music shop in Charing Cross Road the following Saturday. (It was there that the photographs for his first solo album Lot 74 were taken showing guitars strewn all over the floor).

After months of tuition I gradually became more interested in his music and wanted to try to play that way. At the time I did not realise the complexities in his playing and following a discussion his only advice was to explore the guitar, looking at intervals, sounds and structures in my own way as if I had never seen or heard one played before.

Over a few months he introduced me to many other musicians at the venues he played at including those musicians I played with on Incus 11 album Balance, namely Phillip Wachsmann, Radu Malfatti, Colin Wood and percussionist Frank Perry as well as a host of other so called second generation players including John Russell, Roger Smith and Steve Beresford.

He was always very generous with his time and often I would stay overnight at his place if I had been playing in London. During all the time in his company he never showed me anything on the guitar, he only advised me to explore different areas if I wanted to.

His generosity was such, that he created opportunities for younger people to play at Musician's Co-Operative gigs and later asked them to join. Our common passion, aside from the music was the mutual interest in football and cricket and we would spend hours debating the various teams and their ability or not to play, often while having a drink at his local, just like any ordinary man. I called him just after he had released the album Ballads when he said to me "give it a listen Ian, it is different from the usual way I play. Tell me what you think of it". Sadly I never did and he moved to Barcelona . The last e-mail I received said "Its beautiful here Ian you must come here sometime". Again I never did and I regret his passing.

Derek Bailey was an extraordinary musician and a more extraordinary generous ordinary man and I thank God he came my way. There will never be another like him

Bruno Duplant

The disc that I take with me on a desert island (cliché)? Without any hesitation, the Ballads of Sir Derek Bailey ... The reasons are numerous, subjective and highly personals. Here are just some of them. Why do I say that this is the ultimate guitar solo disc? All the music is there. Written and improvised, erudite and popular, melodic and abstract, easy and difficult... Much of the music of the twentieth century and even beyond.

Some (even many) would say that this music is easy (how many times have I not read that anyone can play as Derek Bailey, even a child, a beginner...), as some have already done about other artists (Picasso, Klee...). But is not this precisely the great strength of these artists; giving the impression that everything is easy, everything is possible? Is not that right, this quality that one day helped me to go into music more than thirty years? If today I practice guitar, bass, this is not to copy such an artist and such a group, but rather because people like Mr. Bailey dared to be free (keep the child cool) and were able to communicate to me.

Le disque que j’emporterais sur une île déserte (cliché éculé) ? Sans aucune hésitation, le Ballads de Monsieur Derek Bailey… Les raisons bien que subjectives et très personnelles sont nombreuses. En voici quelques unes en vrac. Pourquoi puis-je affirmer qu’il s’agit du disque ultime de guitare solo ? Toute la musique est là. Écrite et improvisée, savante et populaire, mélodique et abstraite, facile et difficile…

Une grande partie de la musique du vingtième siècle et même au-delà. Certains (et même beaucoup) diront que cette musique est facile (combien de fois n’ai-je pas lu que n’importe qui peut jouer comme Derek Bailey, même un enfant, un débutant…), comme certains l’on déjà fait à propos d'autres artistes (Picasso, Klee, ...). Mais n’est ce pas là, justement, la grande force de ces artistes ; celle de donner l’impression que tout est facile, que tout est possible ? N’est-ce pas cette faculté, cette qualité qui un beau jour m’a aidé à me lancer dans la musique à plus de trente ans ? Si aujourd’hui je pratique la guitare, la contrebasse, ce n’est pas pour copier tel artiste ou tel groupe, mais bel et bien parce que des personnes comme Monsieur Bailey ont osé être libres (garder la fraîcheur de l’enfance) et ont su me la communiquer.

Richard Bonnet

My personnal tribute to Derek Bailey!
Indispensable musician, when I listen to Derek' music, I hear the Blues, a lot of soul.

Hervé Boghossian
I've first heard of Derek Bailey, i think, cited by Thurston Moore in an Interview for a fanzine in the late 90's, so i've quickly bought his two duo with Evan Parker "Arch Duo" (Rastacan) & with Steve Lacy (Potlatch) both released on '99. This discovery push the boundaries of possibilities of playing as guitarist. I was into indie rock on an aesthetic rejecting virtuosity and very few improv apart in groups like Sonic Youth. So i can say, he's the first musician that pushed me to make improv, and i remember well played in duo with a friend sax/bass clarinet player 2 years after quite inspired by his playing.

On his discography, there's 2 albums that i particulary like two solos : "Pieces for Guitar" (Tzadik-2002) & "Aïda" (2nd edition in 1996 on Dexter's Cigar). I only had the chance to see Derek live at MIMI Festival on an island close to Marseilles, France in July 2004 in solo. It was quite touching experience as he was quite weak already and he played very slowly watching his guitar case like a score was inside. That made me realize the inspiration he should have been for Taku Sugimoto. Until the end a lot of people didn't understand him, his playing and i remember filming some excerpts of the set with people constantly passing by, i was quite furious about it, how can you leave a concert with such pure fragile beautiful music.

I remember also that i've taken the same boat as him after the concert, too shy to come to talk to him, but i was proud to be on the same boat that a true legend of experimental music. I've heard he was dead a few hours before seeing Peter Brotzmann & Han Bennink duo at Instants Chavirés, the loop was looped.

Christian Vasseur

Greg Malcolm

Thanks for your playing Derek

 Gunnar Backman Brakophonic

Vanessa Mackness

When I think about Derek, I feel a great sense of love and gratitude, for all the times we spent together. The alchemy of playing together, at gigs, and in the small studio upstairs at Downs road, followed by the ritual of champagne, and a simply wonderful meal prepared by Karen, and all those other special occasions out. He once told me he hated just eating, he liked to do something else at the same time. Eating with him socially, certainly was doing something else at the same time.

I think back now, and realise his support and belief was just there, without fuss or ceremony, it was just being part of the Incus family, Company week,
Beyond anything finite, there was also hearing the after echo of his playing, for hours and  days, afterwards.
At our last recording, singing right into his guitar.
I miss his candour, his total lack of, or tolerance, for pretension. But most I miss his presence in my life, his music, his voice.

Andrea Cauduro

Dan Stearns

Derek was a one-man revolution of what's possible and some people still recoil in shock and horror at it fact, to fear another man's imagination has become a sport of sorts amongst a certain branch of rank-and-file, card carrying "musicians"......but thank the gods and goddesses for souls and minds and IMAGINATIONS like Bailey's !

Having made countless recordings over the better part of the last half-decade with a veritable who's-who of creative music and genre-less genres of which he occupied a very large space of his own making, Derek Bailey passed away at the age of seventy-five on Christmas day, 2005.

Quite aside from the thoughts and sounds he left, Derek Bailey left behind the idea that the imaginative world of the creative person is far from exhausted, and individuality need not suffer imitation in order to exist. Having the wherewithal to believe and act accordingly is a life-lesson both the aspiring and the accomplished reinforce with positive examples. Derek Bailey, an unassuming radical and singular guitarist, led a creative-life firmly rooted in the austere and single-minded pursuit of being Derek Bailey.


For Derek Bailey

Daniel Thompson
As a musician, guitarist and improviser I am humbled every time I hear Derek's playing. Talk about keeping one on one's toes.......I don't think its possible to study the guitar without considering Derek's approach.

Vlad Makarov

Cyrus Pireh

When Derek Bailey died in the winter of 2005, I was working in New York City in a glass mosaic studio assembling mosaics by hand. I used to listen to the Columbia University radio station WKCR on a small portable radio. I was listening every day as the station played a continuous week of Derek Bailey music in celebration of his life. This was my first introduction to his music, and while I was familiar with improvisation, I had never heard the guitar played in such a serious, committed, vulnerable, seeking way. This might have been the first and only time I have experienced recorded music as an actual communication between people. That week at the end of the year 2005 was almost supernatural.

Ryan Kinney
I didn't know Derek Bailey. I didn't even really listen to him until after he was gone. I just knew him as a credit on a few John Zorn records. Then I came across his "Carpal Tunnel" record. At the time, I was going through a playing related injury myself, and here was someone who not only decided to work around their injury but to turn the progress of his practice into an artistic statement. His music and his writings changed the way I play, changed the way I think about music and life. I didn't know Derek Bailey, but oh, how I wish I did, and I hope he would have appreciated this holiday mashup in his honour.

Zachary Pruit
Derek Bailey is my favorite guitar player. His work, his records, his Improvisation book changed my life. 

Alessandra Novaga

In every unconventional guitarist, at least once, you can see fragments of Derek Bailey.
Can you say the same about anyone else?
I have rarely done a full show dedicated to one artist - I think the only other two were for Butch Morris and Prince - but somehow in January I was of the mind to do a whole show of Bailey. It was only after I'd started planning it that I realized my Friday afternoon show landed on his birthday and that it was 10 years since he died. The whole show can be heard here:
I also wrote a memoriam for him at All About Jazz in 7th February 2006. That can be found here

Eric Wong

More Derek Bailey in Prepared Guitar
Interview by Stefan Jaworzyn
Interview by Henry Kaiser
Interview by Richard Leigh
Interview 1996
Interview 1978
Interview by Richard Scott
Gavin Bryars Derek Bailey
Derek Bailey in Rectangle
Derek Bailey On the Edge
Keith Rowe / David Sylvian
An interview with John Russell
January 29 1930; December 25 2005
Review by Duck Baker
Live at G's Club
Machine Music – John White, Gavin Bryars
Derek Techniques by Dominic Lash
Knitting Factory 1995
On the Edge
Essay by Aaron Brooks
Band Rehearsal 1973
Promo Video

© 2006 The Wire
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